A 5nm chip, the novelty of IBM

What is the smallest object you have ever seen? Any cell in a microscope? Bacteria, a microchip? Well, IBM, in collaboration with Samsung and Global Foundries (chipmaker of Qualcomm and AMD) has begun to develop chips with a technology of production of 5 nanometers.

This is not news. Samsung has already developed this technology in 7nm which, in all likelihood, will start coming out next year. Even IBM itself unveiled a while ago the process of creating a chip of this same measure.

However, this advance promises to be much more important than the previous ones. The new invention could contain up to 30,000 transistors on a tiny chip. For those who do not know how this mechanism works, a transistor is a logic gate that lets the electricity pass, or not, so that the device responds to the commands of the user. IBM is using 10 nanometer chips, so with these new processors we would improve the speed by 40%, which translates to increase efficiency by 75%. In addition, we must translate the improvement of this efficiency into a lower consumption of batteries, which will be taken into account when creating dedicated Internet devices of the Things.

A new chip, a new technology

IBM Research, in conjunction with GlobalFoundries and Samsung, are in full development of the smallest microchip in the world, only 5 nanometers, considering that 1mm equals 1,000,000 nanometers.
How has this process been reached? EUV- extreme ultraviolet lithography- is the technology used to create these chips. The same was used to reach 7nm, which are capable of containing 20,000 transistors.
https://youtu.be/JhHMJCUmq28
With this, the FinFET process has become completely obsolete. This process managed to install 15,000 transistors in a microchip, so the new technologies, in the end, have exceeded, and to a large extent, these numbers. In fact, according to Moore's Law transistors that may be on a chip will be duplicated every two years.
This technological innovation is not only based on the optimization of size, but also it is thought to enhance storage capacity and the usual speed of transition.

By 2020,

We are currently using 10nm chips, so those made with a 7nm measurement are not yet available for consumption until 2018 at the earliest. That is why, at least, until 2020 we will not be able to enjoy this new technology developed by IBM.

This speed of implementation is due to the possibility of creating them with the current technology, so it will not be necessary to make a radical change in the factories.

The evolution of this new technology will be realized gradually. That yes, until the price of manufacture does not reach the current one, we can’t consider that it is implanted to perfection.

And after this? What will be the physical limit on which we will be able to store information? And, if we come to that moment, what will happen? The future of technology becomes more and more exciting.

For now, this tiny microchip is under development and will take some time to market and distribute.
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